Saturday, January 12, 2008


Back splice (also called an end splice) - A splice where the strands of the end of the rope are spliced directly back into the end without forming a loop. It is used to finish off the end of the rope to keep it from fraying. The end of the rope with the splice is about twice the thickness of the rest of the rope. With nylon and other plastic materials, the back splice is often no longer used, the rope strands are simply fused together with heat to prevent fraying.
Cut splice - A splice similar to the eye splice. It is typically used for light lines (the log-line) where a single splice would tend to come undone, the rope being frequently wet. It makes a very strong knot. A cut splice is a join between two ropes, made by splicing the ends slightly apart, to make an eye in the joined rope which lies shut when the rope is taut.

Eye splice - A splice where the working end is spliced into the working part forming a loop.
Long splice - A splice used to join two rope ends forming one rope the length of the total of the two ropes. The long splice, unlike most splice types, results in a splice that is only very slightly thicker than the rope without the splice, but sacrifices some of the strength of the short splice. It does this by replacing two of the strands of each rope end with those from the other, and cutting off some of the extra strands that result. The long splice allows the spliced rope to still fit through the same pulleys, which is necessary in some applications.
short splice - Also a splice used to join the ends of two ropes, but the short splice is more similar to the technique used in other splices and results in the spliced part being about twice as thick as the non spliced part, and has greater strength than the long splice. The short splice retains more of the rope strength than any knots that join rope ends.
side splice
Splices are often tapered to make the thicker splice blend into the rest of the line. There are two main types of tapering, the standard and the so-called "West Coast Taper".
Standard tapers progressively remove a portion of each remaining strand one-third at a time is typical, resulting in a taper of two additional tucks beyond the splice making each successive tuck produce a narrower splice. This is only practical with laid-lines, made up of numerous strands laid side by side.
West Coast tapers are effected by extra-tucks of entire strands, such that the 2nd strand is interweaved one more time than the first and the third is interweaved an additional time after the 2nd.
fid is a hand tool made from wood or bone and is used in the process of working with rope. It is conical instrument with a somewhat long taper. A variety of fid diameters are used depending on the size of rope it is being used with.
Marlinspike is a tool, commonly part of a sailor's pocketknife, used to separate strands of rope from one another. It is basically a 3"- 4" steel spike, slightly curved, with a non-sharp point that tapers quickly out to a 1/4" to 3/8" shaft in the space of the first 1" length.